One design of communication is typically described as the direct model. This design applies to someone attending to several individuals and doing most, if not all, of the talking. This is common in lectures, public addresses, and other kinds of public speaking.
You, as the speaker, are the source of information, your verbal and nonverbal cues are your channel, and your audience is your receiver. In direct interactions, the receiver might be communicating with you by applause, laughter, or other kinds of feedback, but the information is typically going only in one direction, from you to the audience.
The interactional design of communication emphasizes the significance of how a message is both sent and gotten. Encoding is how you prepare and provide a message, while decoding is how that message is gotten by the audience along with how they react.
The decoding element of this model is frequently where issues can develop, as often what you plan as the speaker is not what is interpreted by the listener. Using outstanding interaction skills assists you to make your message as clear as possible while using nonverbal cues and discussion aids to clarify your intent further.
Furthermore, part of the interactional model is the feedback that the speaker receives from the audience. In a public speaking circumstance, that feedback may be more indirect, however depending upon the size and function of your audience, feedback may likewise be more direct. Discovering to take note of and adapt to this source of details is another crucial ability you must develop as a speaker.
The final design of interaction most often talked about is the transactional design, which emphasizes the rapid nature of communication, where individuals are sending out and receiving messages all the time and frequently at the same time. The transactional model acknowledges that you can be both a sender and a receiver at the same time, and together, both individuals make meaning from the exchange.
This design of interaction assists us to understand how your culture, previous experiences, and current frame of mind all affect how we send and get messages. This can end up being difficult when you are speaking to a large, varied audience, as each person is bringing with them an entire set of beliefs and characteristics that affect how they understand what you are stating.
As a speaker, your task, then, must likewise consist of building shared experiences and understanding upon which to base your message, so that others understand what you are attempting to communicate.